The word’s forests store 30% of human caused carbon dioxide emissions.
We have lost 40% of the world’s forests and continue to destroy forests every year. Forests capture carbon dioxide and turn it into oxygen. They also store carbon dioxide in biomass and in the soil. By cutting down forests we lose the tree’s ability to capture carbon as well as releasing stored carbon into the atmosphere.
Solutions are to protect existing forests, reforest, and to increase sustainable farming practices such as silviopasture and permaculture.
Challenges are deforestation to make room for farmland or urban development and unsustainable farming practices.
Impact: Over 106 gigatons of carbon dioxide emissions can be captured by protecting forests, restoring tropical and temperate forests, and establishing afforestation on degraded land.